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Top 15 European architects of all time.

Posted by admin on May 2, 2019
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european architects

Apartment building.

The architectural design employed in a building can make a statement about such a structure. This is the reason why most renowned companies, cities, and individual residence go for the best. It is also no denying that the most well-known buildings around the world today, were designed by some European architects. European architects are famous and acknowledged all over the world today.

Furthermore, it is worthy of note that, the biggest business is cited in Europe. Therefore one element that makes it stands out, even as a continent is its architectural designs.  Mastery and professionalism is another concept that has aided architectural advancement even among European architects. As we continue in this article, we shall consider some of the famous European architects the world has produced.

The famous European architects and their contributions to society

noName of architectDate of birthSchool attendedAward receivedInnovations and achievementStyle of architecture
1Remment koolhas

 

17th November 1944Architectural Association School of ArchitecturePritzker Prize in 2000 de RotterdamDecorative architecture.
2Rafael moneo:

 

9th May 1937The Technical School of Architecture of MadridPritkers Prize IN 1996National Museum of Roman Artmodern and historical features
3Bjarke Ingels

 

2nd October 1974the Royal Danish Academy of Fine ArtAmerican Institute of Architect in 2012, Danish Maritime Museum, Denmarktranslating immaterial components of society into physical buildings
4Ben van Berkel:

 

 Born in 1957the Rietveld Academy in AmsterdamEileen Gray Award in 1983the Mercedes Benz Museum
5

 

Renzo Piano:

 

14th September 1937Politecnico di Milano UniversityThe Pritzkre Architecture Prize 1998. The Shred Londonmodern features of an architecture
6Bernard Tschumi:

 

25th January 1944university of Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Parc de la Villettedeconstructivism
7Alvaro Siza25th June 1933University of PortoThe prestigious Pritker Prize Award in 1992.Expo 98 Portuguesetransforming abstract designs into actual reality
8Christian de portzamparc

 

University of Ecole Nationale des Beaux, in Paris.Pritzker prize award in 1994.Chateau Cheval Blanc Winerenvironmental urbanism
9Jean Nouvel12th August 1945.the Ecole des beaux-arts in ParisPritzker Prize Award in 2008the white walls
10Peter zumthor26th April 1943Pratt Institute in New YorkPritzker Prize Award.the Swiss Pavilion for Expo 2000modern based architecture
11Santiago Calatrava28th July 1951polytechnic University of Valenciaturning torso,Engineering architecture.
12Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe:27th March 1886Gewerbeschule in Aachen.the German Pavilionmodernism
13winy Maasin 1959. He studied at RHSTL: The Television Centre Villa VPRO, Tmodern architecture and landscaping
14alvar Aalto:

 

3rd February 1898Heisinki University of Technologythe AIA Gold Medal Awards in 1963the Paimio Sanatoriummodernism in architecture
15Antonio Guadi25th June 1852Piarist School in Reus.The Sarada FamilliaModernism with the use of gothic art inspired by nature.

 

1   Remment Koolhaas

The renowned Dutch architect was born in Rotterdam on 17th November 1944. Koolhaas studied from the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London and Cornell University in New York.  The renowned architect uses the decorative form of architecture. Rem Koolhaas is the founder of the office of metropolitan architecture, OMG. Renowned architect koolhaas has received several awards for his immense contributions to architecture. Some of which are: the Pritzker Prize in 2000, Premium Imperial in 2003 and 2004, the Royal Gold Medal. His famous creations include Casa da Musica in Porto, de Rotterdam, Seattle Central Library, Netherlands Embassy in Berlin and China Central Television Headquarters.

2   Rafael Moneo:

The Spanish Architect Rafael Moneo was born on 9th May 1937. He has a degree in architecture from The Technical School of Architecture of Madrid. He incorporates the approach of both modern and historical features in his designs. Moneo has been accoladed for his architectural skills and won both the Pritzker Prize and Premium Imperial Awards in 1996 and 2017 respectively. His masterpieces include the National Museum of Roman Art, Davis Museum and Cultural Center. Also, the North West Corner Building at Columbia University, the Cathedral of Our Lady of The Angels in Los Angeles.

3    Bjarke Ingels

Bjarke Ingels is one of European finest architects, born on 2nd October 1974.  He got his architectural Skills from the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Art. His philosophy of architectural designs is translating immaterial components of society into physical buildings. His innovations to the architecture are honored with numerous awards such as European prize for Architecture in 2010, Nykredit Architecture Prize in 2002. Also, the Golden Lion for best concert hall design in 2004 and 2012 the prestigious American Institute of Architect, among others. Few of his notable projects include mountain dwellings, Copenhagen, Danish Maritime Museum, Denmark, and VM Houses Copenhagen.

4     Ben van Berkel:

The Dutch architect van Berkel was born in the Netherlands in 1957. He studied architecture both from the Rietveld Academy in Amsterdam and at the Architectural Association in London. Architect van berkal for his immense contributions to architecture has in the past received several awards. Some of which are: the Eileen Gray Award in 1983, the British Council Fellowship in 1986 and the Kubus Award in 2016. Designs constructed by van Berkel are, the Mercedes Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany, and The Singapore University of Architecture. Furthermore, the Moebius House in the Netherlands, The Erasmus Bridge in Rotterdam and a host of other buildings.

5    Renzo Piano:

The renowned Renzo Piano was born in Genoa Italy in 14th September 1937. Architect Piano Attended Politecnico di Milano University for his architectural studies.  Renzo Piano employed different modern features of architecture, which he successfully used in his designs. His efforts to architecture and designs did not go unnoticed. This is evident with the numerous awards he bagged. Some of which includes: the Royal Gold Medal in 1989, The Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1998, AIA Gold Medal and a host of others. Renzo Piano immense contribution to architecture including, but not limited to Kansai International Airport and Shred London Bridge. Furthermore, the New York Times Building, Whitney Museum of American Art and Center Georges Pompidou.

6     Bernard Tschumi:

Bernard Tschumi is an architect from Switzerland, born on 25th January 1944 in Lausanne. He received his architectural know-how from the University of Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland. His choice of architectural style and designs is purely deconstructivism. Bernard is equally an educator and has taught architecture in several institutions, one of which is The Architectural Association in London. His outstanding designs include Parc de la Villette, Acropolis Museum and FIU School of Architecture. Others are Paris Zoo, France Limoges Concert Hall, France, and several others.

7    Alvaro Siza

Alvaro Siza is one of the most outstanding European architects in the world today. He was born in Portugal on 25th June 1933.  He studied architecture at the University of Porto. Architect Siza philosophy of architectural designs is best describes as transforming abstract designs into actual reality. Architect Alvaro in 1992 won the prestigious Pritzker Prize Award. His designs of notable value including Expo 98 Portuguese National Pavilion and the Building on the Water, amongst others.

8     Christian de Portzamparc.

Architectural design from the University of Ecole Nationale des Beaux, in Paris. His classic bold style and designs reflect environmental urbanism. Architect Portzampac has constructed all kinds of building ranging from small buildings to major urban structures. His purposeful effort to architecture won him the famous Pritzker prize award in 1994. Among his renowned designs are Chateau Cheval Blanc Winer, Cidade das Artes, Herge Museum and Philharmonie Luxembourg.

9      Jean Nouvel

Architect Jean Nouvel is one of the notable European architects born in France on 12th August 1945. He obtained a degree in architecture from the at the Ecole des beaux-arts in Paris. Over the years he has won several outlasting awards some of which are the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Also, The Wolf Prize in Arts in 2005 and the famous Pritzker Prize Award in 2008. His indelible designs are the white walls, one central park, and several others.

10    Peter Zumthor:

The renowned architect Zumthor was born on 26th April 1943. He graduated from Pratt Institute in New York, where he got a degree in architecture and design.  He applied modern based architecture in his choice of designs. In 2009, architect Author won the Pritzker Prize Award and Royal Gold Medal in 2013.  Some of his best designs are; Saint Benedict Chapel, Kunsthaus Bregenz, the Swiss Pavilion for Expo 2000, the Kolumba Diocesan Museum.

11    Santiago Calatrava

The renowned Santiago Calatrava was born in Valencia on 28th July 1951. He obtained a degree in architecture at the Polytechnic University of Valencia. Architect Calatrava approach to design is engineering architecture.  Calatrava choice of engineering designs sets his innovations apart, with is earlier constructions on bridges and railways stations. Architect Calatrava finest designs are; the turning torso, Florida Polytechnic Science, Innovation and Technology Campus, amongst others.

12    Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe:

The revolutionary architect Mies Van der Rohe was born in Aachen, in 27th March 1886. The renowned Mies Van der Rohe is known for modernism in his approach to architectural designs. Architect Mies Van der Rohe got his architectural skills and training at Gewerbeschule in Aachen. Part of his architectural achievements in his time is the German Pavilion, The Museum of Modern art in New York City. Also, the Lake Shore Drive Apartment in Chicago the Seagram Building in New York City and New Gallery in Berlin.  Architect Mies Van der Rohe died on 17th August 1969 in Chicago, but his legacy still lives on even in death.

13   Winy Maas:

The Dutch architect Winy Maas was born in Scheidel in 1959. He studied at RHSTL and graduated as a landscape architect. Winy Maas is not just an architect; he’s also a professor. Presently, he’s one of the visiting professors lecturing architecture and design at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Architect Winy Maas in collaboration with Jacob Van Rijs and Nathalie de Vries found architectural studio referred to as MVRDV. His choice of design is modern architecture and landscaping. Architect Winy Maas has erected several building including The Television Centre Villa VPRO, The Housing Estate for Elderly WoZoCo. Others include the Headquarters of the Dutch Public Broadcasting Company, The Dutch Pavilion for Expo and the Gyre Building in Tokyo and lots more.

14      Alvar Aalto:

Alvar Aalto is a Finnish European architect who was born on 3rd February 1898. He studied his field at the University of Technology, Helsinki.  Alvar Aalto is one of the first architects to introduce modernism in architecture. His immense contributions to architecture in his days was acknowledged with several awards. They are the AIA Gold Medal Awards in 1963, the RIBA Gold Medal Awards in 1957 as well as the Prince Eugen Medal Award in 1954. He erected quite several buildings and designs. Some of which include the Paimio Sanatorium, Viipuri Library, Villa Mairea  Baker House and Finlandia Hall. The great architect, however, died on the 11th of May 1976.

15   Antonio Gaudi:

The famous Antonio Gaudi is a Spanish architect, born in Reus 0n 25th June 1852. Architect Gaudi approach to architecture is modernism with the use of gothic art inspired by nature. He got his artistic talent from Piarist School in Reus. Architect Gaudi indelible contributions to architecture include the following. The Sagrada Familia, Casa Mila, and Casa Batllo. Renowned Gaudi died in Barcelona on 10th June 1926.

CONCLUSION

In the course of this article, we have been able to see 15 outstanding architects that shaped their world in terms of architecture. Their contributions to Europe and the world at large is what will continually remain in the hearts of people. Taking up an architectural career is one that needs dedication, commitment as well as skill. One undeniable fact about architectural design is, even after you have gone it lives on. This is also the reason why architects are awarded and celebrated for their innovations to mankind.

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